Fri. Jul 1st, 2022
Bumps and injuries inside and outside the eye: how to act in the event

Due to the restless nature of children, it is common that in their early years they suffer falls, blows or injuries that, although spectacular on many occasions, are not usually serious in most cases.

Among the most common accidents in childhood are blows to the eye area and minor injuries or erosions in the cornea as a result of a scratch or the introduction of a foreign body .

We explain how to act in these situations and when it is necessary to see a specialist.

You might be interested on our parenting site or Rare diseases in children: eleven questions about them that you should

Bumps in the eye area: how to act?

Frequently, blows to the eye in children are caused by an accidental elbow, slap or head butt by another person, or by the impact of a toy, a ball or any other object.

After a blow to the eye, the pain and swelling in the area is especially noticeable. It is also possible to see a reddening of the skin around the eye that with the passing of days will acquire different shades such as purple, green or yellow, as happens with any bruise.

As we would do with a blow to any other area of ​​the body, the first thing we should do is apply ice to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. We will never apply the ice in direct contact on the skin (we must previously wrap it in a handkerchief to avoid causing burns) and we will not put pressure on the blow either.

It is important to remain calm and comfort the child to avoid rubbing or touching the eye, as this could make the pain worse.

Most eye injuries in children have mild symptoms , and within one to two weeks the visible lesion on the skin will have completely disappeared.

However, it is important to consult a specialist if after the blow the pain is intense or does not improve, we see an ocular effusion inside the eye, there are vision problems and/or headaches, and of course, in case of Open wounds on the eyelids that may require suturing .

Scratch or scratch inside the eye: how to act?

The entrance of a foreign body in the eye is quite frequent in children and adults, without being serious in most cases. But there could be other situations that require medical attention due to damage to the cornea.

This can happen, for example, when a scratch or scratch occurs inside the eye due to the entry of a branch, the nail, the edge of a sheet of paper, earth, a piece of glass that jumps when something breaks…

The symptoms that occur after an injury to the inside of the eye are:

  • tearing
  • redness
  • Pain and/or stinging inside the eye
  • strong stinging
  • Sensitivity to light or photophobia
  • Inability to open the eyelid
  • effusion inside the eye

If this happens, it is very important that the child does not rub his eye , as the injury could worsen considerably. The first thing we must do is rinse the eye for 15 minutes with water or physiological serum, and then assess.

If the pain does not subside, the eye suppurates, the child experiences changes in vision or we observe a effusion or any visible change on the surface of the eyeball, it will be necessary to go immediately to the emergency room to assess a possible injury to the cornea.

Superficial erosions – which are often the most common – usually heal on their own without the need for treatment. In other cases, it may be necessary to use antibiotic eye drops or ointment , but always recommended by the doctor.